Includes artificial insemination or embryo transfer (transplants).
A person who advises and/or represents a buyer or seller of horses at a public auction or a private sale.
1) A group of mares being bred to a stallion in a given year. If a stallion attracts the maximum number of mares allowed by the farm manager, he has a full book.
A horse's breeding on the female side. The lower half of an extended pedigree diagram.
1) A horse is considered to have been bred in the state or country of where the sire is registered.
An equine group whose members have been selectively bred for consistent characteristics over a period of time and with pedigrees recorded in a studbook.
Owner of the dam at time of foaling.
A fund set up by many states to provide (bonuses) for state-breds.
A filly or mare that has been bred and is used to produce foals.
An ungelded (entire) male horse four-years-old or younger.
The physical makeup of and bodily proportions of a horse: How it is put together.
1) The number of foals by a sire in a given year. 2) A group of horses born in the same year.
The female parent of a horse.
Dam's Sire (Broodmare Sire):
The sire of a broodmare. Used in reference to the maternal grandsire of a foal.
Weak points of a horse's conformation or character as a racehorse.
Female horse four-years-old or younger.
1) A horse of either sex in its first year of life. 2) As a verb, to give birth. Also known as "dropped." 3) Can also denote the offspring of either a male or female parent:
A horse under one year old.
Horses that share the same sire and dam.
A male horse of any age that has been neutered by having both testicles removed (gelded).
See second dam.
The grandfather of a horse; father ("sire") of the horse's dam or sire.
Horses out of the same dam but by different sires. Horses with the same sire and different dams are not considered half-siblings.
A horse bred by its owner.
A pregnant mare.
A female horse 5 years old or older. A female horse of any age who has been bred.
The details of a horse's ancestry.
A minimum price, set by the consignor, for a horse in a public auction: The horse did not reach its reserve.
Grandmother of a horse. Also known as a "granddam."
1) The male parent. 2) To beget foals.
A male horse, generally retired from racing that stands at stud and is used for breeding purposes.
A breed of horse, which participates in harness racing.
A book kept to record the pedigrees of purebred horses.
The amount of money the owner of a mare must pay to have her bred to a stallion.
1) Male horse used for breeding. 2) A stud farm.
A foal in its first year of life, while it is still nursing.
A male horse used at breeding farms to deve-definition-termine whether a mare is ready to receive a stallion.
A foal that is less than 1 year-old, that has been separated from its dam.
A horse in its second calendar year of life, beginning Jan. 1 of the year following its birth.